King leopolds ghost king leopold's ghost tells a story of the belgian king leopold ii and his misrule of an african colony, named (at the time) the congo free state it is a wild and unpleasant story of a man's capacity for evil and the peculiar manifestation of it. King leopold's ghost essays in the 1880s, as the european powers were carving up africa, king leopold ii of belgium seized for himself the vast and mostly unexplored territory surrounding the congo river. 1885-05-02 congo free state formed by king leopold ii of belgium 1887-06-15 stanley's expedition reaches yambuya waterfalls congo 1887-12-05 stanley's expedition reaches plateau at lake albert congo. Congo free state: 1885-1908: when leopold ii of belgium wins international recognition for the congo free state in 1885, it is as his own personal fief rather than a belgian colony the king is willing to fund the project from his own resources and from concessions to private belgian companies. Internationale du congo, under the control of king leopold ii of belgium, began to establish a chain of trading stations along the river congo economic exploitation rapidly expanded with the increasing demand for wild rubber, following the development of.
King leopold ii of belgium (1835–1909) ruled for over 40 years for 20 years, he owned the free state of congo in central africa, a 3,000-square-mile section of resource-rich interior jungle and savannah. Subsequently, renamed the belgian congo, and henceforth administered by the belgian government, the coin designs for the colony would for decades, continue to portray belgian heads-of-state, albert ii and then leopold iii, as the centerpiece. In 1885 as a personal possession of leopold ii, king of the belgians jean stengers, a belgian historian, king leopold’s legacy, belgian colonialism did not, and could not, free itself from the legacy of the from zaire to the democratic republic of the congo, georges nzongola-ntalaja.
In the period from 1885 to 1908, many well-documented atrocities were perpetrated in the congo free state (today the democratic republic of the congo) which, at the time, was a colony under the personal rule of king leopold ii of belgium. Then, king leopold ii came to power in 1865 and believed that colonies would greatly enhance belgium's wealth and prestige leopold's cruel, greedy activities in the current democratic republic of the congo , rwanda, and burundi continue to affect the welfare of these countries today. King leopold’s legacy in the congo may not bear thinking about, but his legacy on cap ferrat is one of beautiful villas and gardens the palace villa leopolda has since been rebuilt but the stunning villa les cedres with its exotic gardens remains.
Built to celebrate king leopold ii's acquisition of the congo a century ago, the greenhouses stretch for more than half a mile and are among the most visible and grandiose remaining symbols of a. Leopold - as king of a small, newly-formed european country - told his advisers that belgium must have an empire and by 1885, he had one dr congo is gripped by civil war i don't want to miss the chance of getting us a slice of this magnificent african cake, he said in a letter to one of his ambassadors. His name is king leopold ii of belgium and the living incarnation of evil killed over 10 million innocent people in what is now called the democratic republic of congo. A popular claim floating around the internet is that king leopold ii, between the years 1885 and 1908 when he ruled the area of the modern democratic republic of congo, killed 10 million people this area was known as the “congo free state”, and in 1908 the belgian government formally took over the area.
Leopold ii (9 april 1835 – 17 december 1909) reigned as the king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 and became known for the founding and exploitation of the congo free state as a private venture. King leopold ii of belgium created an image for himself as a fine fellow, a humanitarian, a solid citizen of the world in fact he was a monster, terrorizing and pillaging a large section of africa for a quarter-century. Leopold ii was the second king of the belgians and the founder and sole owner of the congo free state he is chiefly remembered as a tyrant under whose rule over 10 million africans were massacred in congo. Leopold ii: leopold ii, king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 keen on establishing belgium as an imperial power, he led the first european efforts to develop the congo river basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the congo free state, annexed in 1908 as the belgian congo and now the democratic. I lived in the congo in the 1980s i assure you leopold is in people’s memory the legacy of the free state, and many of the autrocities cited for leopold, had become normal day to day things right up to 1960.
The congo free state was transformed into a belgian colony known as the belgian congo under parliamentary control it later became, successively, the republic of the congo, zaire (under mobutu sese seko), and currently the democratic republic of the congo or drc, not to be confused with republic of the congo formerly owned by france. The butcher of congo by baffour ankomah, new african, october 1999 only 90 years ago, the agents of king leopold ii of belgium massacred 10 million africans in the congo. Leopold ii (9 april 1835 – 17 december 1909) was the second king of the belgians, known for the founding and exploitation of the congo free state as a private venture born in brussels as the second (but eldest surviving) son of leopold i and louise of orléans , he was the first cousin of queen victoria and prince-consort albert. A legacy of pain: king leopold ii it has been reported that when leopold was finally made to sell the congo free state to the belgium government, a mere 10 years later between 10 and 13 million people were dead from murder, mutilation, starvation, exhaustion, or disease.
Whitaker r birt engr 297b prof bruce lusignan introduction this is a tale of horror and tragedy in the congo, beginning with the brutal and exploitative regime of king leopold ii of belgium, and culminating with the downfall of one of africa’s most influential figures, patrice lumumba. Satirical cartoon depicting king leopold ii of belgium (1835-1909) squeezing his subjects in the congo free state (now zaire) to death after exposure to exploitation of local labour, in 1908 belgium annexed the territory and conditions improved slightly from when it was under leopold's personal rule and it was known as the belgium congo until independence. Leopold ii king of belgium from 1865 to 1909 who also reigned in the congo free state, later zaire, now congo, from 1876 to 1904 he was forced to abdicate because of his harsh treatment of the native population.
This video is an audio reading of a few articles regarding the history of the congo free state it was hard to find any proper academic studies on the belgian congo, for one, there is not a lot. The democratic republic of the congo has been known in the past as, in chronological order, the congo free state, belgian congo, the republic of congo-léopoldville, the democratic republic of the congo and the republic of zaire, before returning to its current name the democratic republic of the congo. In 1885, the united states and european states—including belgium—recognized king leopold ii of belgium as the sovereign of a huge state roughly contiguous with the congo river basin called the état indépendant du congo, or the eic.